Associate Professor of Second Language Acquisition and Teacher Education and Center for East Asian and Pacific Studies
Specializations / Research Interest(s)
- Conversation Analysis
- interactional linguistics
- discourse-functional grammar
- multimodal analysis of language and the body
My research focuses on examining language as it is used in everyday conversation. One of the main themes of my work is to explore structural orderliness in language use (which we think of as 'grammar') as an emergent, embodied, and activity-bound phenomenon. I use Conversation Analysis as a methodological framework for discovering orderly ways in which humans deploy language to participate in everyday activities and jointly construct the social world they inhabit.
My research reconceptualizes 'grammar' as emergent, arising as a complex response to its ecological setting - communicative and interactional needs speakers face in participating in everyday activities. Grammar, in this view, not only provides resources for organizing linguistic elements in utterances, but its very structure emerges out of recurrent patterns of verbal (and nonverbal) practices shaped by interactional activities speakers engage in. My work thus challenges the assumption (often held by traditional linguists) that grammar is an atemporal, autonomous mental structure independent of communicative language use.
- Ph.D. (Linguistics), University of Colorado at Boulder
- MA (Linguistics), University of Colorado at Boulder
- BA English Language and Literature, Kyoto University
- Joint Utterance Construction in Japanese Conversation. . Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2003.
- Hayashi, Makoto, and Kaoru Hayano. "Proffering insertable elements: A study of other-initiated repair in Japanese." Conversational Repair and Human Understanding. . Ed. Makoto Hayashi, Geoffrey Raymond, and Jack Sidnell. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013. 293-321.
- Hayashi, Makoto, Geoffrey Raymond, and Jack Sidnell. "Conversational repair and human understanding: An introduction." Conversational Repair and Human Understanding. . Ed. Makoto Hayashi, Geoffrey Raymond, and Jack Sidnell. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013. 1-40.
- Hayashi, Makoto. "Turn allocation and turn sharing." The Handbook of Conversation Analysis. . Ed. Jack Sidnell and Tanya Stivers. Boston: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013. 167-190.
- Hayashi, Makoto, and Kyung-Eun Yoon. "A cross-linguistic exploration of demonstratives in interaction: With particular reference to the context of word-formulation trouble." Fillers, Pauses and Placeholders. . Ed. N. Amiridze, B. Davis, and M. Maclagan. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2010. 33-66.
- Hayashi, Makoto, Geoffrey Raymond, and Jack Sidnell. Conversational Repair and Human Understanding. . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
- Hayashi, Makoto. "Claiming uncertainty in recollection: A study of kke-marked utterances in Japanese conversation." Discourse Processes 49.5 (2012): 391-425.
- Hayashi, Makoto. "An overview of the question-response system in Japanese." Journal of Pragmatics 42.10 (2010): 2685-2702.
- Stivers, Tanya , and Makoto Hayashi. "Transformative answers: One way to resist a question's constraints." Language in Society 39.1 (2010): 1-25.
- "See "http://makotohayashi.weebly.com/publications.html." for publications before (2010):